Installing PL/R

PL/R is available as a package that you can download from the Pivotal Network and install using the Linux rpm package utility.

Note: For details on how to use PL/R, see Using PL/R.


Before you install the PL/R software extension, ensure:

  • Your HAWQ cluster is up and running.
  • You have set up the HDB 2.1.x and HDB 2.1.x Add-On repositories.
  • You have installed the EPEL (Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux) repository on each node in your HAWQ cluster. This repository provides the required R packages and dependencies:

    root@hawq-node$ yum install epel-release

Install PL/R

The PL/R package RPM file is available from the HDB Add-On repository.

  1. On each HAWQ node in your cluster, install the PL/R package by running the following command:

    root@hawq-node$ yum install plr-hawq -y
  2. Log in to the HAWQ master node and set up the HAWQ environment:

    $ ssh gpadmin@<master>
    gpadmin@master$ source /usr/local/hawq/
  3. Restart your HAWQ cluster:

    gpadmin@master$ hawq restart cluster

Enable PL/R Language Support

For each database that requires its use, register the PL/R language with the CREATE LANGUAGE SQL command.

As the gpadmin user, connect to the database to which you wish to add PL/R language support. For example, to add support to a database named testdb:

gpadmin@master$ psql -d testdb

At the psql prompt, run the CREATE LANGUAGE SQL command to add PL/R support:

testdb=# CREATE LANGUAGE plr;

Note: If you are unable to create the plr language due to a missing library error, you may need to update the LD_LIBRARY_PATH setting to include /usr/lib64/R/lib and restart your HAWQ cluster.

You are now ready to create new or add existing PL/R functions.

Install PL/R Functions

Once PL/R is installed, HAWQ nodes have access to a library of PL/R convenience functions. These are located in the /usr/local/hawq/share/postgresql/contrib/plr.sql file.

Install these convenience PL/R functions using the psql utility as follows:

gpadmin@master$ psql -d <dbname> -f /usr/local/hawq/share/postgresql/contrib/plr.sql

Replace <dbname> with the name of the target database.

Note: This script also adds PL/R language support to the database.

Downloading and Installing R Packages

R packages are modules that contain R functions and data sets. You can install R packages to extend R and PL/R functionality in HAWQ.

See Downloading and Installing R Packages

Note: If you expand HAWQ and add segment hosts, you must install R, the PL/R rpm, and the R packages in the R installation of each of the new hosts.

Uninstall PL/R

When you remove PL/R language support from a database, the PL/R routines that you created in the database will no longer work.

Remove PL/R Support for a Database

For a database that no longer requires the PL/R language, remove support for PL/R with the SQL command DROP LANGUAGE.

As the gpadmin user, connect to the database from which you wish to remove PL/R language support. For example:

gpadmin@master$ psql -d testdb

At the psql prompt, run the DROP LANGUAGE SQL command to remove PL/R support. If you have installed the PL/R convenience functions included in plr.sql on the database you must use CASCADE option.

testdb=# DROP LANGUAGE plr;



Uninstall PL/R RPM

Every database must unregister PL/R support before you can uninstall the PL/R extension package.

To uninstall the PL/R package, run the following command on each node in your HAWQ cluster:

root@hawq-node$ yum erase plr-hawq

Finally, log in to the HAWQ master node and restart the cluster.

gpadmin@master$ hawq restart cluster